CONCORD FLOORS





Carpet traded in Derrimut, Werribee, Hoppers Crossing, Caroline Springs, Altona




a typical carpet showroom in a carpet retail store. It has carpet drape stands with carpet drapes on them and carpet sample books
underneath the stands
. rolls of carpet in the warehouse of Concord Floors, they being carpet stock of Concord Floors.

The above photos show a carpet showroom in a carpet retail store trading in carpet. It has carpet drape stands with carpet drapes on them and carpet sample books underneath the stands. The second photo shows the carpet stock that is stockpiled in the warehouse and workroom of Concord Floors. Some retailers to get a price advantage, buy carpet in bulk and warehouse it in their warehouses. They can then pass on these secured price advantages to their customers and therefore be more competetive on the open market.

Carpet is a machine made textile floor covering and includes modular carpet (carpet tiles and sheet goods) and broadloom carpet (carpet in continuous rolls).

The various manufacturing processes can produce carpets with quite different features. The major variables in construction relate to design flexibility, performance features and also cost. The major products / processes are:

Method of Installation. Different installation methods can be used for most carpets. They include:

broadloom carpet

modular carpet:

Surface Appearance (Style) The most frequently specified surface texture/appearance styles are level loop; high and low loop; cut and loop; tip sheared loop and level cut.

Pile Fibre Composition is of the following: Nylon (or polyamide), polypropylene (or polyolefin), wool and triexta are the major fibres used in Australia to make carpet. Different fibres can also be blended to produce mixed fibre carpet yarns, the most common being 80% wool /20% synthetic carpet yarn. Blending of yarns is used to achieve certain performance and economy requirements. Manufacturers can advise on appropriate blends as necessary. For blended yarns, blend proportions should conform to the tolerances and allowances set out in AS/NZS 2622. Percentages are expressed as Commercial Standard Regain of the respective fibres.

A carpet floor gives a room the utilities of:

Carpet flooring is a component of the floor coverings of buildings. As a result it is traded all over the world. Concord floors trades in the sale, supply and installation of carpet flooring in the following areas: Melbourne and its' suburbs of: Derrimut, Deer Park, St. Albans, Sunshine West, Sunshine North, Sunshine, Hillside, Taylors Hill, Taylors Lakes, Burnside, Sydenham, Delahey, Avondale Heights, Diggers Rest, Woodlea, Laverton, Werribee, Hoppers Crossing, Caroline Springs, altona, altona Meadows, Williamstown, Point Cook, Melton, Brookfield, Hopetoun Park, Bacchus Marsh, Inner suburbs of Melbourne, Southbank, South Melbourne and St Kilda, Essendon, Strathmore, Newport, Spotswood, Footscray, Tottenham, Kingsville, Brooklyn, Braybrook, Yarraville, Maidstone, Kensinton, Ascot Vale, Moonee Ponds, Altona North, Maribynong, Cairnlea, Niddrie, Keilor Dowwns, Keilor, Gladstone Park, Attwood, Westmeadows, Greenvale, Tullamarine, Broadmeadows, Glenroy, Reservoir, Coburg, Fawkner, Pascoe Vale, Bundoora, Port Melbourne, Albert Park, Roxbourgh Park, Craigieburne, Mickleham.


An index to this article is:


BROADLOOM CARPET


pink colored, patterned plush-pile carpet on the prong of a forklift being rolled out in the warehouse of Concord Floors. a carpet cutting machine with 2 rolls of carpet next to it in a warehouse.

The machine that makes the carpet is called a broadloom and turns out carpet evenly in slabs of 3.63 metres in width, which is 12 feet in imperial. This is where the term broadloom metre comes from.

Carpet comes from the manufacturers, in rolls of 3.63 metres wide and 40 metres or greater in length. These rolls are then cut to a roll size that meets your particular job requirement by a carpet cutting machine.

A carpet roll is normally 3.63 metres wide and when rolled out one metre, the exposed carpet that is on the floor, is then, in the carpet industry termed one broadloom metre. If the roll is rolled out 2 metres then in the trade it is 2 broadloom metres. If the roll is rolled out 3 metres then in the trade it is 3 broadloom metres. One broadloom metre is 3.63 square metres.



HOW TO CONVERT BROADLOOM METRES TO SQUARE METRES AND VICE VERSA



a beige slab of carpet laid out on the floor measuring 7.2 broadloom metres by 3.63 broadloom metres.

To convert from broadloom metres to square metres multiply the broadloom metres by 3.63. To convert from square metres to broadloom metres divide the square metres by 3.63.



HOW TO WORK OUT HOW MANY METRES MY JOB WILL TAKE



carpet laying process under way by Concord Floors, showing rolls of carpet, one stretched out, on top of installed red underlay in a home in
 Point Cook, Werribee Vic 3030. carpet laying process under way by Concord Floors, showing a roll of carpet stretched out, on top of installed red underlay in a home in
 Point Cook, Werribee Vic 3030. carpet laying process under way by Concord Floors, showing a roll of carpet stretched out, on top of installed red underlay in a home in
 Werribee Vic 3030.

This isn't an easy task. Frequently even the trained carpet salepeople will make an error and even sometimes proffessional carpet layers make mistakes. The biggest cause of these errors is the fact that carpet has carpet pile that leans uniformly in one direction. This slab of carpet when on the floor, when viewed, appears one particular colour. This color is produced by the reflection of light striking the carpet's pile surface. The reflected light then enters your eye. If we cut of a piece of this carpet and place it back on the rest of the body of carpet, but turn it in the opposite direction, the two pieces of carpets will appear 2 different colors, distinct from each other, even though 2 shades of the same color. This must be avoided in carpet laying as it is unacceptable by consumers and law. For a rough estimate, and I emphysize it is only rough, it is possible to work out the amount of square metres and multiply this by a factor of 10-15%.



HOW IS CARPET SOLD TO CARPET RETAILERS- IS IT IN BROADLOOM METRES OR SQUARE METRES



CARPET IS SOLD TO CARPET RETAILERS BY CARPET MANUFACTURERS ONLY IN BROADLOOM METRES

The second reason that creates errors in carpet estimating for a job, is that carpet in the industry is only sold in broadloom metres. Even though the salesperson might be talking to you in square metres when the salesperson places his order with the manufacturer he converts the square metres to broadloom metres. But also when he draws up your plan to calculate the metreage he does the calculations in broadloom metres. The consequences of this method of trading is that slabs of carpet are bought and every slab is 3.63 metres wide. These slabs are rolled up into a roll for easy transportation. In turn this creates a situation whereby different sized rooms can take the same number of broadloom metres.



HOW TO WORK OUT HOW MANY METRES MY JOB WILL TAKE, EXAMPLES



Lets work out the required carpet metreage for a couple of rooms:



a room being measured widthwise for carpet laying by Concord Floors in a house in Werrbee, Vic. 3030.

room 1: length 4.2 metres, width 2.3 metres = requires 4.3 broadloom metres (square metres = 4.3 x 3.63= 15.61 square metres).

Firstly we need to add 0.1 metres to every cut so that it is 5 cm up the wall. So when the roll of carpet is laid out 4.3 metres in lenth we cut it across at this point. But the carpet is 3.63 metres wide. But all we need is 2.5 metres in width (2.3m [room width]+ .05m [up the one wall] + [0.05m up the other wall]. So we cut the carpet lengthwise at 2.5m leaving a balance of 1.13 metres x 4.2 metres. If only this one room is being carpeted then this is waste that you might turn into mats. your room is only 4.2 x 2.3 metres totalling 9.66 square metres, but you had to buy 15.25 square metres producing a wastage factor of 57.86% which is a massive wastage factor.

Room 2: length 4.2 metres, width 3.4 metres = requires 4.3 broadloom metres (square metres = 4.3 x 3.63= 15.61 square metres).

Firstly we need to add 0.1 metres to every cut so that it is 5 cm up the wall. So when the roll of carpet is laid out 4.3 metres in length we cut it, across at this point. But the carpet is 3.63 metres wide. But all we need is 3.4 metres in width (3.4m [room width]+ .05m [up the one wall] + [0.05m up the other wall]. So we cut the carpet lengthwise at 3.5m leaving a balance of 0.16 metres x 4.2 metres. your room is only 4.2 x 3.4 metres totalling 14.28 square metres, but you had to buy 15.25 square metres producing a wastage factor of 6.8% which is a minor wastage factor.

Room 3: length 4.2 metres, width 4.0 metres = requires 1 roll of 4.3 broadloom metres (square metres = 4.3 x 3.63= 15.61 square metres)+ 1 roll of 1.53 broadloom metres (square metres = 1.53 x 3.63= 5.55 square metres). This is a total 9.85 broadloom metres or 35.77 square metres.

When we roll out our first carpet roll room lengthwise we find that this slab of carpet leaves a 0.37 metre gap of floor uncovered by carpet because the width of the carpet is 3.63 and the room's width is 4.00 metres. The uncovered floor is 0.37 metres in width and 4.2 metres in length. To cover this we need more carpet. So we take another roll, measuring 1.53 metres and roll it out in the same direction as the first roll and slice of it 3 slabs of carpet (called fillers). The width of these fillers will be 0.37 metres + 0.05 metres for up the wall excess + 0.05 metres removal of of side salvage of filler, + 0.05 metres removal of of side salvage of the laid out first roll. The removal of the side salvages enables us to accomplish a better carpet join when the carpet is joined. The 3 fillers are to be butt joined so they are placed lenthwise and when we add up their total lengths it adds up to 4.3 metres- the length of the room- after we have subtracted 0.05 metres from two fillers where the joins are to take place.

We have taken of the small roll 0.47 metres x 3 = 1.41 broadloom metres leaving a balance of 3.63 - 1.41 = 2.22 x 1.53 metres. This balance is waste.

If the carpet has a pattern and needs to be pattern-matched, then the second roll must be longer by the length of the pattern.



carpet laying process under way by Concord Floors, showing a roll of carpet, one stretched out, on top of installed red underlay in a home in
 Point Cook, Werribee Vic 3030. carpet laying process under way by Concord Floors, showing a roll of carpet stretched out and prepared for joining to other carpet roll
 , on top of installed red underlay in a home in Point Cook, Werribee Vic 3030. carpet laying process under way by Concord Floors, showing 2 rolls of carpet, both stretched out prepared for joining and having being positioned for
 pattern match, on top of underlay in a home in Point Cook, Werribee Vic 3030.

For guidance on carpet installation and carpet laying please go to our section Carpet Installation. Please click on CARPET INSTALLATION

Carpet prices are traditionally quoted in broadloom metres although there is a trend currently to quote in square metres.

For CARPET PRICES please go to our section Carpet Installation. Please click on CARPET INSTALLATION


REMNANTS


In the carpet industry, the leftover balance of a new cut roll is called a remnant roll or simply a remnant.



rolls of carpet in the warehouse of Concord Floors, they being carpet stock of Concord Floors.


CARPET FLOOR: STYLES, YARN FIBRES and TERMINOLOGY.


Carpet consists of the yarn ( which is what you stand on) and the base into which this yarn is embedded and which holds it all together.


Carpet Yarn

The yarn is made up of various fibres spun together to form one single strand of pile (similar to a piece of rope fibres) and either heat set, (kept for 20 minutes in a heated autoclave [oven]) to retain and remain in that position or chemically set (the yarn is kept immersed in a chemical solution for a period of time).


YARN FIBRES

Presentday fibres are wool, wool mixed with synthetic, nylon, solution-dyed nylon, polypropelene, acrylic, polyester.


CARPET STYLE TERMINOLOGY


They are as follows;


Plush Pile Carpet

The carpet surface has a velvet look. The individual carpet yarn strands are twisted to a maximum level of 160 turns per inch, imbedded (tufted) into the base of the carpet, and cut evenly from a distance from the base of the carpet. The visible top surface consists of the aggregate of the cut ends of the upright yarns. The appearance is a smooth finish. When the yarn in a small section is brushed in one direction it reflects light differently from the surrounding sections and therefore appears a different colour. When walked on foot prints are left behind from the disturbance of the surface.


Below photos show examples of Plush Pile Carpet


pink colored, plush-pile carpet installed in a room in the suburb of Melton Vic 3337 by Concord Floors. charcoal colored, plush-pile carpet installed in a room in the suburb of Caroline Springs Vic 3023 by Concord Floors. black, plush-pile carpet installed in a room in the suburb of Melton Vic 3337 by Concord Floors.


Twist Pile Carpet

The same as for plush pile with the difference, the carpet surface has a coarser look due to the higher twist level of the yarn (from 260-320 turns per inch). The velour and footprinting effects are diminished but not eliminated entirely. Where the density of the yarn (pile) is high, that is the stich rate is at its maximum, the twist pile surface starts to resemble the elegant surface appearance of a plush pile with the added advantages of the absence or diminishing of the velour and footprinting effects. It is for this reason that twist piles are the most sought after styles of carpets.


Below photos show examples of twist pile carpet


tan colored,nylon twist-pile carpet installed in a room in the suburb of Melton Vic 3337 by Concord Floors. earth colored, wool twist-pile carpet installed in a room in the suburb of Melton Vic 3337 by Concord Floors. terra cotta colored, wool, twist-pile carpet installed in a room in the suburb of Melton Vic 3337 by Concord Floors.


Looppile Carpet

The yarn is looped.

Below photos show examples of loop pile carpet


charcoal colored, polypropene fibre, loop pile, patterned carpet installed in a room by Concord Floors. charcoal colored, level loop pile carpet installed in a room by Concord Floors. a sample of a blue colored polypropelene loop pile carpet.


Sisal Carpet

The yarn is looped but there is an alternating high and low rows.There are no velour, footprinting or shading effects with this type of carpet.

Below photos show examples of sisal carpet


beige colored, wool fibre, sisal-pile carpet installed in a room in the suburb of Melton Vic 3337 by Concord Floors. pink colored, sisal-pile carpet installed in a room in the suburb of Melton Vic 3337 by Concord Floors. pink colored, wool fibre, sial-pile carpet installed in a room in the suburb of Melton Vic 3337 by Concord Floors.


Berber Carpet

A looppile with a thicker yarn normally flecked in appearance. Can be of wool or synthetic fibre.

Below photo shows an example of a berber carpet


grey colored, wool fibre, level loop-pile carpet installed in a room in the suburb of Melton Vic 3337 by Concord Floors.


Cut and Loop

A combination of loops and twist or plush pile.

Below photos show examples of cut and loop carpet


brown colored, nylon fibre, patterned cut and loop carpet installed in a room in the suburb of Melton Vic 3337 by Concord Floors. pink colored, nylon fibre, patterned cut and loop carpet installed in a room in the suburb of Melton Vic 3337 by Concord Floors.


Patterned carpet

The carpet surface has a pattern.


a staircase carpeted by Concord Floors, with charcoal colored, patterned carpet in a house in Melton, Vic. 3337. a room carpeted by Concord Floors, with charcoal colored, patterned carpet in a house in Altona, Vic. 3018.

The above two photos show examples of patterned carpet


Axminister Carpet

Carpet with floral or icon or emblem patterns. The carpet pile is woven into the carpet base. They tend to last twice as long as tufted carpet, some lasting up to 40-50 years.


Axminister carpet, green background color with gold motifs, laid in a room next to a fireplace, in the Victoria Army Barracks, Melbourne Vic 3000
 by Concord Floors.



A GUIDE TO CARPET STYLES AND THEIR ROLE IN THE INTERIOR DECOR OF THE HOME.


All the above carpet classes exude a feel and style when one looks at them.

For a discussion on colors, carpet styles and home interior design, should you be interested, please go to our home interior design section. Here you should find readily understandable principles and rules for building a pleasing balanced harmonious interior color scheme. But the right color scheme and carpet style for you is the one that you find the most appealing. see HOME INTERIOR DESIGN

They are as follows:


Plush Pile Surface

the smooth carpet surface gives the effect of elegance.

Twist Pile Surface

the semi-smooth carpet surface gives the effect of elegance, but a little less than a plush pile.


Looppile and sisals and berbers Surface

WOOL CARPETS that are loopile, sisal or berber have a casual naturalness, and induce in the viewer, a state of relaxation.


Cut and Loop Surface

homeliness


Patterned carpet Surface

stateliness- an expression of power. State buildings usually use this style.


Axminister Carpet Surface

create a period atmosphere. Great for period homes.



SELECTING THE RIGHT STYLE OF CARPET FOR YOUR HOME WHEN YOU ARE READY TO BUY


This is sometimes difficult and if you are experiencing difficulty after reading the above, and our section on interior decor give us a call on 0412 740 200 and make an appointment to see us at our premises. We will do our best to advise you, and this will be free of charge.




CARPET MANUFACTURERS AND SUPPLIERS

Carpet is supplied to Australia by various manufacturers, some domestic some overseas, and various carpet importers.


CARPET MANUFACTURERS

  1. FELTEX: Address: 12-14 Gilbertson Rd, Laverton North VIC 3026, Phone: 1300 130 239
  2. Godfrey Hirst Australia Pty Ltd: Address: 2 Gilbertson Rd, Laverton North VIC 3026, Phone: (08) 8371 1711
  3. Victoria Carpets: Address: 7-29 Gladstone Rd, Dandenong VIC 3175, Phone: (03) 9794 5855
  4. Supertuft PTY Ltd: Address: 14 Prince Patrick St, Richmond VIC 3121, Phone: (03) 9427 8600
  5. TST Carpet Manufacturers (Australia) Pty: Address: 43 Industrial Ave, Hoppers Crossing VIC 3029, Phone: (03) 9369 5833
  6. Quest Carpet Manufacturers PTY Ltd: Address: 43-55 Mark Anthony Dr, Dandenong South VIC 3164,Phone: (03) 8791 8200
  7. Brintons: Address: 672 Lorimer St, Port Melbourne VIC 3207, Phone: (03) 9676 3333
  8. Cavalier Bremworth Melbourne: Address: 170 Forster Rd, Mount Waverley VIC 3149, Phone: 1800 251 172
  9. Chaparral Carpet Mills PTY Ltd: Address: 45 Brunel Rd, Seaford VIC 3198, Phone: (03) 9786 3000


CARPET IMPORTERS

  1. Signature Floors: Address: 13 Wurundjeri Dr, Epping VIC 3076, Phone: (03) 9401 0888
  2. Classic Flooring Australia, Unit 2/5 Gladstone Road, Dandenong 3175, Phone: 1300 300 234


RUGS WHEN YOU WANT TO COVER THE FLOOR


Usually carpet that is left over from a job is overlocked and turned into a rug. However carpet can be specially manufactured into rugs. When this is done the rugs usually have colourful artistic designs and can be very expensive. The rugs then become an accessory within the interior decor scheme of the home.


below are photos of rugs that we have for sale


a rug for sale. a rug for sale. a rug for sale. a rug for sale. a rug for sale.

ALL ABOVE RUGS TO BE CLEARED AT $88.00 EACH

TO VIEW THE ABOVE RUGS

Simply call us on 0412 740 200 and make an appointment for a shop at home service visit by us to you. If you live in Hoppers Crossing, Werribee, Derrimut, Altona, Tarneit, Truganina and all surrounding suburbs, we are close by.